The Arabica Coffee plant is a small tree that can grow between 6.5–26 feet tall. It has a compact growth rate and glossy green leaves that are usually shiny. The leaves are opposite, simple, elliptic-ovate to oblong, 2.5–4.5 inches long and 1.5–3 inches broad. The Arabica coffee plant has white, jasmine scented flowers that bloom in the spring. The plant then produces half-inch berries that gradually darken from green to blackish pods. Each fruit produces two green seeds, which are commonly known as coffee beans.
Scientific Name: Coffea arabica
Common Names: Coffee Plant
Light: Thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. Place it near a window with filtered light, but avoid direct sun exposure to prevent leaf damage.
Water: Keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy. Water when the top inch of the soil feels dry, typically every 1-2 weeks. Ensure that the pot has proper drainage to prevent overwatering.
Soil: Use a well-draining potting mix with a mix of peat moss, perlite, and a touch of organic matter.
Humidity: The Coffee Plant appreciates higher humidity levels. To create a suitable environment, consider using a humidity tray, a room humidifier, or mist the plant regularly to keep the air around it comfortably moist.
Temperature: Keep in a warm environment. Ideally, maintain temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C). Avoid exposing it to drafts or sudden temperature changes.
Fertilizer: Feed every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced, diluted liquid fertilizer. Reduce or eliminate feeding during the winter months when the plant is less active.
Pet Information: All parts of the coffee plant, apart from the beans, are toxic to humans and animals.